Dr. Robert Schainker is currently a Senior Technical Executive at the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). In this position he is responsible for leading and managing activities on energy storage systems, microgrids, high voltage transformers, cost-benefit studies and grid stability analyses.Dr. Schainker has lead EPRI’s Substations, Overhead Transmission, Underground Transmission, Power Quality and the Energy Storage Programs. He was a key contributor designing, building and testing a SCE lead acid battery, two PG&E sodium sulfur batteries, a NYPA (world’s first) high voltage solid state convertible static compensator, and a Power South (the U.S.’s first) compressed air energy storage plant. In response to the September 11, 2001 New York City blackout and the August 14, 2003 Northeast blackout, he developed, deployed and commercialized a new type of grid substation high voltage auto transformer (called the Recovery Transformer) at CenterPoint Energy. Also, in response to these blackout events he developed and deployed a real time dynamic grid security system to assist grid operators respond in real time to grid blackout events. Dr. Schainker has given expert testimony to the U.S. Congress, the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and the California Public Utility Commission. He holds three patents and he has written chapters in two encyclopedias on electric grid and energy storage technologies. He has also given numerous speeches on the history of the development of the world-wide electric grid.